Recently, the Management Board of Pu Hoat Nature Reserve, Nghe An discovered a rare species of toad fish. According to an official of the Nature Reserve Management Board, this fish needs to be conserved.
The toad fish has an orange tail, jet-black body parts
It is worth noting that the 4 legs of the toad fish are all yellow, the soles of the feet are black.
Particularly, the front legs have only 4 toes and the 2 hind legs have 5 toes.
On the morning of August 2, Mr. Nguyen Danh Hung – Director, cum Head of the Forest Protection Department of the Pu Hoat Nature Reserve Management Board told PV Dan Tri that the reserve staff had just discovered this toad fish species at around 2am. 20h, 24/7/2014 at sub-area 101 (Nam Giai commune, Que Phong district, Nghe An) under the management of Pu Hoat Nature Reserve Management Board. According to Mr. Hung, this species of toad fish was also previously discovered at some other locations such as sub-zone 97.
The management board of Pu Hoat Nature Reserve said that this toad fish has a lizard-like shape, is an amphibian both on land and in the water, about 8-11cm long, with a wide head, high ridged parotid gland, wide bulge, in the middle of the spine there is a long protrusion connecting the tail on both sides, there are many large round and convex tumors running from the forelimbs to the base of the tail.
The toad fish has a body length of 8-11cm, black color, yellow-orange tail.
It is a type with a small, long, orange-yellow tail that detects prison vestibule areas.
Almost the whole body has small nodules, the underside of the abdomen has horizontal wrinkles. The front limbs have 4 fingers, the hind limbs have 5 fingers. The underside of the toes and the lower fringe of the tail are orange. Dark brown color occupies the entire body of the toadfish. According to the description of the local people, there are also some with a yellow border on the lower chin. The tail is flattened vertically, the tip of the tail is pointed
Characteristically, this species lives in stagnant ponds, standing water, and still puddles. Here, the indigenous people have named some ponds named fish ponds. The altitude above sea level in the area where this toad fish was discovered has an altitude of over 500m.
It is known that Pu Hoat Nature Reserve is located in the northwest of Nghe An province, 180km from Vinh city. Total natural area of 90,741 ha, located in 9 communes including: Dong Van, Cam Muon, Chau Thon, Hanh Dich, Nam Giai, Thong Thu, Nam Nhon, Tien Phong and Tri Le in Que Phong district.
According to the staff of Pu Hoat Nature Reserve, this type of toad fish needs to be preserved and is very precious.
Pu Hoat Nature Reserve has high peaks of Pu Hoat (2,457 m high), Pa Kham 2,007 m high, Chop Chap high 1,725 m high, Pu Vi high 1,645 m high, Cao Ma high 1,487 m high, Pu Dinh high 1,248 m high, and Pan Mo high. 1,213m… and many other peaks with altitudes above 1,000m.
According to the leader of Pu Hoat Nature Reserve, up to now, 118 species of mammals, 30 families and 12 orders of Mammalia class have been recorded; bird class Aves: 372 species, 54 families, 17 orders; class Reptilia: 62 species, 16 families, 2 orders; Class Amphibia: 37 species, 7 families, 2 orders; Animals 6 species, Birds 66 species, Reptiles 20 species, Frogs 11 species.
More than a year since its establishment, Pu Hoat Nature Reserve has caught 3 toad fish and sent them for research. According to the reserve staff, this species of toad fish is very gentle, quite beautiful and needs to be preserved for genetic resources.
Among 589 vertebrate species recorded in Pu Hoat NR, there are 74 endangered rare species with high conservation value, 58 species are recorded in the Red Book of Vietnam (2007), 25 species are classified threatened EN, 36 species threatened VU, 5 species threatened LR; 8 species of CR class; 323 species are listed in the IUCN Red List, including: Threat level EN has 11 species; VU level has 21 species…
Currently, the fauna in Pu Hoat has a high diversity of mammal resources, a good level of birds, and a medium diversity of reptiles and amphibians. However, at a high level of diversity in the number of orders, surnames. Especially the presence of some endemic and rare species of Vietnam: gray langur, white-cheeked gibbon, Indochinese tiger, striped pheasant, striped rabbit, big gill, Pu Hoat gill, gaur, red king, .. and a number of other birds, reptiles, and amphibians with narrow distribution ranges, are currently of special interest to the world.